What more can be said about the world population which is adding approximately 2 lakh per day it is estimated to reach 9 Billion by 2050. It took 10,000 million years untill 19th century to reach 2 billion and another 200 years to add 5 billion to the world population count. And if we continue like this we will end our planet. But it the question still remains what happened between 1800s to 2000s that there was huge surge of population.
By increasing the population at this great pace we are putting enormous pressure over the resources available on earth. David Attenborough says “Instead of controlling the environment for the benefit of the population, maybe we should control the population to ensure the survival of our environment.” In order to live sustainably and give future generations around the world a fair chance of living good lives, we must stabilize and then reduce population, and the more affluent in the world must reduce our levels of consumption.
World Population Day is an annual event, observed on July 11 every year, which seeks to raise awareness of global population issues. The event was established by the Governing Council of the United Nations Development Programme in 1989. It was inspired by the public interest in Five Billion Day on July 11, 1999 approximately the date on which the world’s population reached five billion people.
This year the theme is on Adolescent Pregnancy which is cause of concern as about 16 million girls under the age of 18 give birth each year. Another 3.2 million undergo unsafe abortions. As much as 90 percent, a vast majority of pregnant adolescents in the developing countries are married. The fact is much more astonishing is that for far too many of these girls, pregnancy has little to do with informed choice. Often it is a consequence of discrimination, rights violations (including child marriage), inadequate education or sexual coercion.
“When we devote attention and resources to the education, health and wellbeing of adolescent girls, they will become an even greater force for positive change in society that will have an impact for generations to come. On this World Population Day, let us pledge to support adolescent girls to realize their potential and contribute to our shared future.” – Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon.
On 2013 World Population Day, we raise awareness of the issue of adolescent pregnancy in the hopes of delivering a world where every pregnancy is wanted, every childbirth is safe, and every young person’s potential is fulfilled.
The World’s Most Populous countries are:
- China – 1,354,040,000 (19.08% of World Population)
- India – 1,210,569,573 (17.06% of World Population)
- United States – 316,218,000 (4.46% of World Population)
- Indonesia – 237,641,326 (3.35% of World Population)
- Brazil – 193,946,886 (2.73% of World Population)
- Pakistan – 183,629,000 (2.59% of World Population)
- Nigeria – 173,615,000 (2.45% of World Population)
- Bangladesh – 152,518,015 (2.15% of World Population)
- Russia – 143,400,000 (2.02% of World Population)
- Japan – 127,320,000 (1.79% of World Population)