Every year 16 October, which is the date of founding of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, is celebrated as World Food Day. It’s done to honour the founding of the Food and Agriculture Organization. It is celebrated widely in association with many organizations who are concerned about Food security that includes World Food Programme.
“Sustainable Food Systems for Food Security and Nutrition” is the theme for this year. The day is observed in more than 150 countries, creating awareness among local communities and other stakeholders on issues related to poverty and hunger. Most of the themes that are observed every year are related to agriculture as only investment in agriculture, together with support for education and health will turn the situation around. In order to change the situation, the private sector needs to play a proactive role, along with public sector investment. In most of the developing nation despite the importance of the vital sector is starved of investment. Aid in the agriculture sector has seen a decline in the last 20 years.
Approximately 870 million people in this world are chronically undernourished. The models of development that are unsustainable are degrading the natural environment, threatening ecosystems and biodiversity which is essential for our future food supply. There needs to be more efforts from developing regions to achieve the 2015 MDG target. The developing regions in the world have registered significant progress towards the MDG hunger target. As expected, if we consider the current average of the last 21 years to continue till 2015, we will reach a level close to the target. In the developing countries hunger and poverty will be reduced only if the growth is sustainable and is broadly shared. Economic growth not reaching everyone will not reduce hunger.
The dimensions of food security are availability, access, utilization and stability. Policies that are aimed at enhancing agricultural productivity and increasing food availability, especially when smallholders are targeted, can achieve reduction in hunger even where poverty is widespread. When this is clubbed with social protection measures that increases a families capacity to buy food, can have positive effects. This spurs rural development creating vibrant markets and employment opportunities, making the economic growth equitable.
The food processing industry in India is known as the Sunrise Industry, because of the huge potential of lifting hunger and increase food security in the country. Large scale processed food manufacturing and food chain facilities has resulted in the generation of employment and increased export earnings. However, more facilities are required to cater the true potential of the industry. The food processing industry in India is one of the largest in terms of production, consumption and growth prospects.