World Health Day -Vector Borne Diseases particularly Malaria

Health and happiness designate  distinct life experiences, whose relationship is neither mutually inclusive nor exclusive in nature. Failure to adhere to health needs cause disturbance in happiness. However minimal may be the health need or problem it may cause friction in the happiness quotient. World Health Organization (WHO) defines health as “a complete state of physical, mental and social well-being, and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.” Conversely the definition of health ‘a state of complete physical mental and social well-being’ corresponds not only to the well being of the individual but also to happiness levels. To attain this echelon of health with happiness WHO earmarked 7th April as International World Health Day, which draws attention globally towards specific health issues existing and percolating in the system.

Past few decades have  witnessed  certain initiatives at various National & International health forums, which were otherwise never given much importance. Few of these diverse range of health concerns included Mental health which initiated and lead to the commencement of the National Mental Health Program in India(NRHM 2013).

This years WHO theme is Vector Borne Diseases- particularly Malaria. According to the WHO epidemiology report of 2013 there were  approx. 207 million cases of malaria and an estimate of 627,000 malarial deaths reported.  This is indicative of the fact that despite considerable advances in terms of prevention & control measures, there is still lot to be achieved in order to reduce and control the spread of the disease.

Other Vector Borne diseases also show an alarming rise in the incidence rates but malaria continues to constitutes the major section). Trends show a geographical change in the disease spread is moving beyond traditional boundaries, thereby calling for action that is not restricted to specific countries. Other vectors such as snails, tapeworms act as a carrier of virulent viruses, bacteria and protozoan which cause illness together with the mortality.

According to The Lancet  report on 20th November 2010 malaria causes 205,000 malaria deaths per year in India before 70 years of age (55,000 in early childhood, 30,000 at ages 5—14 years, 120,000 at ages 15—69 years) with a 1·8% cumulative probability of death from malaria before age 70 years. The report also states that 90 per cent of these deaths are recorded in rural areas, of which 86 per cent occur at home without any medical attention. These alarmingly high figures due to the difficulties in controlling and eradicating malaria led to renaming of the National Malaria Eradication Programme in India in 2000 as National Anti Malaria Programme.

It has also been found that Malaria not only comes as a health problem but also encapsulates other social and economic burdens. It has been found to affect the annual economic growth in the countries with high malaria transmission is lower than countries without malaria. According to studies on economic evaluation & Malaria. They highlight how countries that have eliminated malaria in the past half century have all been either subtropical or islands. These countries’ economic growth in the 5 years after eliminating malaria has usually been substantially higher than growth in the neighboring countries.

It might be thought that malaria has a large impact in poor countries because of its interaction with malnutrition. Malaria, along with other childhood infectious diseases, has been found to exacerbate malnutrition. Thus, overall adding to the environmental entropy disturbance and causing a devastating effect on the individual along with family and finally affecting the nation.

This campaign aims to raise awareness about the threat posed by vectors and vector-borne diseases and to stimulate families and communities to take action to protect themselves. The core element of the campaign is to provide communities with information. Taking this forward, Fiinovation has been associated with this campaign. The team at Fiinovation is working towards raising the levels of awareness in community through various advocacy initiatives that are directed towards reducing the spread of the diseases.

By: Dr Shilpa Jain


Better protection from vector-borne diseases

Better protection from vector-borne diseases


14 thoughts on “World Health Day -Vector Borne Diseases particularly Malaria

  1. Rahul Choudhury says:

    The nation’s MDG progress is slow when it comes to reducing by two thirds the child mortality rate and reducing by three quarters the maternal mortality rate. India is on track to achieve the HIV AIDS targets but the progress is slow when it comes to Malaria and other diseases. Given the situation it can be said that we are not going to achieve the targets. Right to Health should be brought to improve the condition at ground. Government should also increase the Health expenditure to 8% of the GDP.


  2. Sreevidhya says:

    Making the community aware of how it is caused, what is the preventive measure that needs to be taken and providing accessibility to primary health care center will help to reduce incidence of the disease.


  3. Pradeep Singh Rawat says:

    Awareness is the first step to improve the primary healthcare. We all have to take the responsibility to make people aware. Once people will start understand to prevent themselves, the whole scenario will get changed.


  4. Shahid Rashid says:

    The figures mentioned are highly alarming and after knowing the fact that malaria can affect the economic growth, country like India should take every possible measure to decrease the number of deaths caused by malaria. The progress rate should be increased to a large extant as it is not up to the mark.


  5. According to the World Malaria Report 2011, over 70% of India’s population face the risk of malaria infection. Around 31 crore people face the “highest risk” of getting infected. India has over 10 crore suspected malaria cases but only 15.9 lakh could be confirmed in 2010.
    In India, it is mostly adults who succumb to malaria infection. WHO too says India could be recording over 15,000 deaths due to malaria
    Except Himachal Pradesh and Jammu and Kashmir, which are over 5,000 feet, all Indian states are malaria prone. All north-eastern states, besides West Bengal, Odisha, Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh, Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Gujarat and Karnataka, are high-focus states.


  6. Archana Modawal says:

    Good health is undoubtedly one of the most important requirements to live a good life. Unfortunately, in an era that has got and invented the finest technologies to support and aid the community, there is lack of awareness about preventive measures that must be on everyone`s tips. Everyone must be made aware that diseases can be prevented but the measures to treat must be made available as well. Thus awareness must be spread to such an extent that people get into a habit of preventing such diseases before getting infected. On the other hand, people must even be told that if at all they suffer, they can be treated and guidance must be provided about how and where to get the treatment.


  7. Anupriya Sinha says:

    Malaria is a vector borne disease, caused by Female Anopheles Mosquito, yet it makes a big impact. However it is preventable. Malarial control interventions,awareness can help to prevent malaria.


  8. kapil Dharmani says:

    I think their is need for making people more aware about malaria and let them know about the preventive measures they have to take & raising awareness so that they can take preventive aid, care and treatment on time.


  9. Ravi Kumar says:

    This day reminds you that how importance is just be secure about your health and also give awareness surrounding. so on this day keep one promise with your self that is ” raise your hand for those who is not enough aware about health care”.


  10. Ravi Kumar says:

    This day reminds us that how important is health, just be secure about your health & make people aware hence so keep one promise to yourself that each of us have to raise hands for those who are in need, or not aware about the same.


  11. Ankita Dash says:

    Small Bite, Big Threat. WHO to focus on the fight against Vector Borne Diseases. This is a relevant initiative considering Vector Borne Diseases kill 10 million people worldwide every year. Malaria is one of the most deadly diseases in the category affecting 200 million people globally. Most of these cases are never tested or remain unregistered. Lack of awareness, sanitation and dirty water in the vicinity are some of the causes. It is time we all joined hands to combat this fatal disease and start by helping in our own small way.


  12. Anand Kumar says:

    “If we’ve medicines today to treat people but they can’t access them, then we need to make changes.” #WorldHealthDay


  13. Pradeep Singh Rawat says:

    As nicely said Health is Wealth,, We have to keep this in our mind. It can’t be explain in words as words are not sufficient.


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