> ‘Call for Greater Action for the Protection of Migrants Worldwide’
Migration is neither a crime nor a mandatory requirement that one has to do it, also it cannot be forced. It is a bold expression of individual’s who want to fulfill their aspirations with a desire to achieve something big in their lives. As a matter of fact migration offers plethora of opportunities to people to grow, to improve and to lead a better life. Today, globalization, together with advances in communications and transportation, has greatly increased the number of people who have the desire and the capacity to move to other places.
This new era has created not only several challenges, but also opportunities for societies/communities across the world. In this fast paced technology driven world when no body has time for each other, it still has served the migrants with opportunities for development and inclusive growth, thereby helping them to improve their standards of living and quality of life.
On 4thDecember 2000, the UN General Assembly, taking into account the large and increasing number of migrants in the world and proclaimed 18th December as International Migrants Day #migrantscontribute . On 18th December 1990, the General Assembly had adopted the International Convention on the Protection of the rights of all migrant workers and members of their families.
At the High-level Dialogue on International Migration and Development in October 2013, member states unanimously adopted a declaration in which they recognized the important contribution of migration to development #migrantscontribute. The declaration also emphasized the need to respect the human rights of migrants and to promote international labour standards. The Declaration strongly condemns manifestations of racism and intolerance and stresses the need to improve public perceptions of migrants and migration.
In his report to the General Assembly in October 2013, the Secretary-General put forward an ambitious eight-point agenda to “make migration work” for all: migrants, societies of origin and societies of destination alike. “Migration is an expression of the human aspiration for dignity, safety and a better future. It is part of the social fabric, part of our very make-up as a human family,” the Secretary-General said in his remarks.
There is a need to understand that a well-paid job in a rich and developed country is a strong driver of international migration. The attraction has intensified as income differentials among countries continue to grow. And this holds true that not only regarding the large and growing differentials between high and low-income countries, but also with regard to the more dynamic and the less dynamic developing countries.
Many advanced economies need migrant workers to fill jobs that cannot be outsourced and that do not find local workers willing to take them at the wages being offered. Population ageing also underlies this growing demand, as it gives rise to deficits of workers relative to dependants. Also, the younger generations are becoming better educated, fewer in their ranks are content with low-paid and physically demanding jobs.
Another fact that needs attention is that migration may reduce wages or lead to higher unemployment among low-skilled workers in advanced economies, many of whom are themselves migrants who arrived in earlier waves. However, most migrants complement the skills of domestic workers instead of competing with them. By performing tasks that either would go undone or cost more, migrants allow citizens to perform other, more productive and better-paid jobs. They also maintain viable economic activities that, in their absence, would be outsourced.
Although, the High-level Dialogue stressed that international migration could contribute to development, but it recognized that international migration was not a substitute for development. All too often, migrants were compelled to seek employment abroad because of poverty, conflict or violations of human rights. Peace and security, good governance, the rule of law and the provision of decent work in countries of origin ensured that people migrated out of choice instead of necessity. Therefore, it is important that International migration must form an integral part of the development agenda and should be part of national development strategies to be implemented by the developing countries across the world for the better future of the migrants leaving across the globe.
By – Rohit Kaul
Senior Program Manager
Media and Communications – Fiinovation