“While there are a plethora of diseases, there is, in a sense, only One health.”
Beat Diabetes: Scale up Prevention, Strengthen Care and Enhance Surveillance (WHO 2016)
India is experiencing a rapid health transition with a rising burden of non communicable diseases causing notable morbidity and mortality, both in urban and rural population; with considerable loss in potentially productive years (35 years- 64 years) of life. NCDs are estimated to account for 53% of all deaths. India’s triple burden of diseases- in which rising NCDs threaten development, infectious diseases are still dominant, and violence and injuries remain a cause of concern. Some of the most prevalent NCDs in India today are cardiovascular disease, chronic respiratory disease, diabetes and cancer (WHO 2015). Diabetes is becoming a particular concern; between 1990 and 2010, the annual number of DALYs (Disability Adjusted Life years) attributable to diabetes in India nearly doubled from about 4.1 million to nearly 8 million. Meanwhile, the annual number of deaths due to diabetes in the country increased more than two fold, from 100,000 in 1990 to 233, 999 in 2010 (IHME 2013). In 2012, india had more than 63 million people living with type 2 diabetes, earning the country the title of “diabetes capital of the World.” The International Diabetes Federation estimates that 33% of adults with diabetes in India are undiagnosed (Economic Non Communicable Disease Report, 2014).
Diabetes is a serious, chronic disease that occurs either when the pancreas do not produce enough insulin or when the body cannot effectively use the insulin it produces (PAHO).
- It is estimated that 61.3 million people aged 20- 79 year live with diabetes in India
- Indians get diabetes on average 10 years earlier than their Western counterparts.
- This number is expected to rise to 101.2 million by 2030
- About 1 million people died from diabetes in India by 2012
- Diabetes affects people in both rural and urban India. It is also becoming a growing problem in the slums of India.
- More that 20% of the Indian population has atleast 1 chronic disease and more than
- 10% of the people have more than one.
- One third of deaths due to non- communicable diseases, in India involve people under the age of 60 years
- The most disturbing trend is the shift in age of onset of diabetes at a younger age
Through Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) corporations could take an active role towards spearheading the drive of prevention and control of diabetes within the Indian peripheries. The goal is to ensure that individuals suffering from diabetes and belong to the socially vulnerable and economically disadvantaged segment of the society recieve modern diabetic care and support from medical institutions. There is an urgent need for facilitating a platform wherein the corporate players can join hands with the civil society organizations and such machineries working towards the health requirements of the communities which have been ostracized from the mainstream healthcare institutions and promote awareness generation, community sensitization and organising Detection camps for the management and treatment of diabetes existing among the under privileged communities.
By – Meghna Chatterji